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Water Traces Found In Old Moon Rocks

Moon

If you’re into the outer space side of science, you might agree that one of the most tiresome, yet profoundly exciting subjects is that of water on the Moon. Decades of questions have ended in frustration, though recent years have provided overwhelmingly positive evidence, with much of the visible proof on the South Pole, in giant ice deposits. And with no sign of an extraterrestrial snowcone stand around, that must mean it was there already.

Speaking of things being there already, you know those Moon rocks that came back with the Apollo missions in the late 1960s and early 1970s? For a study in Nature Geoscience, researcher Hejiu Hui from the University of Notre Dame revealed that infrared spectrometer tests recently showed that every rock taken from the Moon’s surface had water traces in it, including the famed “Genesis Rock.” Of course, we’re not talking about tap water or anything, but the chemical hydroxyl, which contains both the hydrogen and oxygen elements needed to produce water.

Because the hydroxyl is embedded so deep within the rocks, it’s assumed this means water has been on the Moon for all these years. Previous theories of its formation assumed it came into being as a big debris-ball after a Mars-sized asteroid collided with the Earth in its early years, a process that should have sent any remaining hydrogen hurtling into space. This theory has persisted as long as it has due to lower levels of efficiency in the instruments used to test the rocks soon after they were brought back. While early spectrometers could pick out chemicals at 50 parts per million (ppm), the current devices can detect 6 ppm in the anorthosites which form on the lower crust, and as low as 2.7 ppm in the upper crust rocks called Troctolites. This all means that the Moon’s rocks may have taken much longer to crystallize than research had previously shown.

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New Ender’s Game Image Showcases Battle School’s Mess Hall

The release of Ender’s Game, adapted from Orson Scott Card’s acclaimed novel, is more than nine months away. So fans are understandably keen to see any material from the film at all. Today, we’ve got a look inside Battle School itself, specifically at the School’s mess hall. Here’s Andrew “Ender” Wiggin (Asa Butterfield) and Petra Arkanian (Hailee Steinfeld) eating a meal, with the School’s scoreboard visible in the background.

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Sober Up Almost Instantly With Nanocapsuled Enzymes

Drunk

Don’t you hate that moment when somebody runs up to, you screaming assertively that the fate of the world rests on your shoulders, and you realize you’ve just polished off an entire fifth of Maker’s Mark? I hope saving the world consists of mostly yelling all of the words to “Wanted Dead or Alive” with untied shoes. Of course, in the future, maybe there will be a pill of some kind that will instantly sober me up. Yeah, right. Maybe when pigs fly airplanes drunk.

For a study in Nature Nanotechnology, researchers Yunfeng Lu, a UCLA professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, and Cheng Ji, a USC professor of biochemical and molecular biology, have created a way for alcohol to be digested in the body outside of the liver, and at a much faster rate than ever seen before. The process involves developing a way to introduce enzymes into the body that mimic the work of those in the liver, thus putting a lot less stress on that most dependable of organs.

The researchers combined three complementary enzymes into a nano-capsule made out of a super-thin, non-toxic polymer that keeps the enzymes safe and together. Mice were tested, where some where given alcohol and the nano-capsule together, while others were given alcohol plus only one of the enzymes, and the rest were given the enzymes after they were already drunk.

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Back to the Future’s DeLorean Is Newly Restored

DeLorean

If you thought that their recent entrance into electric car manufacturing would have been the most exciting news DeLorean had going for them….well, yeah, it probably is, But it’s not the biggest news for sci-fi fans, who like movie references mixed in with our ideas of progress. It’s taken at least a year, as well as an untold number of trips back and forth through time, but the DeLorean time machine from the Back to the Future franchise has finally been fully restored.

Officially known as the “A” car, this was the version used most often for non-stunt exterior scenes involving the actors, thus making it the most-used model type for the series. With over 20 years of amusement park displays and tours across the country, the original DeLorean model needed an update. Thanks to the 2011 Nike commercial with Christopher Lloyd reprising his Doc Brown role, the plans were put into place.

Co-creator and co-writer Bob Gale started up the project, which became known as “Time Machine Restoration,” and contacted TemporalFX’s Joe Walser and Terry Matalas to handle most of the grunt work. Using social media as a promotional tool, the team received donations from many fans looking to help out, and because the intent was to use as much of the original material as possible, the fans also pitched in to locate certain parts needed. It helps that they were just building a display model, as this probably wouldn’t make it up to 88 mph on a real highway. If the following promo video doesn’t get you nostalgic in a heartbeat, your brain is not in flux…capacitor.

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Ghostbusters Firehouse Recreated In Amazing Detail With Legos

Webster’s Dictionary’s website defines research as an “investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws.” But nowhere does it say anything about Ghostbusters, so fuck that definition.

German Lego builder/artist Alexander Jones — who goes by the Internet name Orion Pax — kicked life in the face and spent months relentlessly watching the two Ghostbusters films, as well as The Real Ghostbusters cartoon, researching and planning a near-perfect Lego representation of the famed firehouse headquarters at 14 North Moore Street in New York. To say his efforts were a success is like saying Ghostbusters is slightly better than it would have been with original cast members Eddie Murphy and John Candy. This model, which is almost too good to call a model, is amazingly intricate and filled with details everybody but set designers take for granted.

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Under the Dome Finds Its Female Lead

Rachelle

All of these stories about CBS’ upcoming miniseries, Under the Dome, should end with “To Be Continued,” seeing as how Stephen King’s novel packs dozens of characters into the smallish Maine town of Chester’s Mill. There doesn’t appear to be any pattern as to who’s getting signed on to the show, which recently added Breaking Bad‘s Dean Norris as the big baddie. At least now, all the leads have all been cast.

Rachelle Lefevre joins the cast as Under the Dome‘s female lead, Julia, who is the alternative good guy to Col. Barbara, a role that Mike Vogel (Pan Am) recently took. The Canadian actress is probably best known to American audiences for her role as Victoria in the Twilight series. Since those films aren’t in my city, much less up my alley, I personally commend her job in 2011’s indie thriller/mystery, The Caller, a film that should have been worse than it was. She can be seen next in Wayne Kramer’s sure to be over-the-top film Pawn Shop Chronicles, with Paul Walker, Elijah Wood, and Walking Dead‘s Norman Reedus.

As Julia, Lefevre will play a former Chicago investigative reporter who has recently moved to Chester’s Mill with her doctor husband, whose disappearance adds to her questions about the Dome. Now editor of the town paper, Julia presents the detective side of the mystery.